Public Assistance

Applying for Welfare


Many people tend to feel embarrassed when they apply for social services; however, the system was set up with intent of providing benefits to impoverished Americans. This is done by using several different governmental programs such as Food Stamps, Medicaid, HUD homes programs and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). When you hear politicians and the public speaking of welfare it is normally referring to Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, or TANF, this was formerly called AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) and it is a cash assistance setup that is usually directed towards single parents. This type of program is actually a fairly small portion of the entire welfare program. In order to take advantage of these programs you must meet the resource and income limitations. The Food Stamp and HUD programs receive federal funds, while the rest use both state and federal funds.

Under the TANF program federal government gives money to states by way of block grants which allows states to have more authority and flexibility when trying to administer welfare programs. This program represents a changed version of the purpose of welfare. Instead of long- term program assistance, welfare is considered a short-term program that will help individuals become better able to support themselves. Meaning the head of the household is required to be working within 2 years of starting to receive benefits, and the families have an imposed limit of no more than 5 years of cash assistance.

No matter which way welfare assistance is set up, there has always been a tendency for the general public to view those that apply for welfare in a negative light.
To fully understand the process of applying for welfare you need to know the general information provided through the government and each state has their own set of requirements that must be met as well. So, familiarize yourself with the basics and then contact the state where you reside to see what specifics may be required before applying for welfare.

For example, to be eligible for Medicaid you do not have to be eligible for welfare as well. Nor can the state limit eligibility for Medicaid to families that are already receiving or entitled to receive TANF benefits. Individual states are required to provide Medicaid to any family that has the following:

  • Dependent child that lives with them
  • Have the same resources and income that allowed them to be qualified for AFDC;
c. certain types of deprivation requirements (such as an absent parent)

All states are required to provide comparable standards, meaning that all regulations have to be the same for all recipients and applicants that apply for welfare. States must also apply the same policies throughout all of the states subdivisions, in short that means that all of a states regulations and rules are required to be the same for the entire state.

If you have access to the Internet then it is suggested that you visit your states department of health and human services website. There you will be able to find all the forms you will need to complete the application process for your state and information on how to fill out the forms. As well as any other information you will need to bring with you for an interview. If you do not have access to the Internet you can call your local human resources office and they will tell you where to get the forms, they may help you fill them out if necessary and make sure you understand the whole process and set up an interview. Many states also have a service that can pick you up and take you to the office if you do not have access to transportation, but these additonal services are not common.

Perhaps the most important thing to remember is, if you do not know then don’t be afraid to ask. The people are there to help you and will not set out to embarrass you in any way so give them a chance to help.
 At 2nd Life, our goal is to make away as much of the obstacles to get your benefits as possible, simply click on your state and an animated tutorial can be viewed to explain the process and make things easier. Since creating these animated tutorials are labor intensive, there is a small fee to view them, we hope these tutorials simplify your experience and helps to get your benefits to you as quickly as possible.


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